what Does FSF Mean In Text
FSF means “Free Software Foundation”
What is free software foundation
The free software foundation (FSF) is an organization that advocates for the rights of computer users to use, study, modify, and distribute software freely. They promote the use of free software, which refers to the software that respects users freedom and provides them with the ability to control and modify the software as they see it. It’s all about promoting user freedom and empowering individuals in the world of software
The Free Software Foundation (FSF) is a nonprofit with a worldwide mission to promote computer user freedom.
Free software” means software that respects users’ freedom and community. Roughly, it means that the users have the freedom to run, copy, distribute, study, change and improve the software.
Thus, “free software” is a matter of liberty, not price. To understand the concept, you should think of “free” as in “free speech,” not as in “free beer.” We sometimes call it “libre software,” borrowing the French or Spanish word for “free” as in freedom, to show we do not mean the software is gratis.
You may have paid money to get copies of a free program, or you may have obtained copies at no charge. But regardless of how you got your copies, you always have the freedom to copy and change the software, even to sell copies.
History Of FSF
The Free Software Foundation is a 501 non-profit organization founded by Richard Stallman on October 4, 1985, to support the free software movement, with the organization’s preference for software being distributed under copyleft terms, such as with its own GNU General Public License.
Founder: Richard Stallman
Founded: 4 October 1985
Headquarters: Boston, Massachusetts, United States
President: Geoffrey Knauth
The Free Software Foundation was founded in 1985 as a non-profit corporation supporting free software development. It continued existing GNU projects such as the sale of manuals and tapes, and employed developers of the free software system
Since then, it has continued these activities, as well as advocating for the free software movement.
The FSF is also the steward of several free software licenses, meaning it publishes them and has the ability to make revisions as needed.
The FSF holds the copyrights on many pieces of the GNU system, such as GNU Compiler Collection. As holder of these copyrights, it has the authority to enforce the copyleft requirements of the GNU General Public License (GPL) when copyright infringement occurs on that software.
The Free Software Foundation is a 501 non-profit organization founded by Richard Stallman on October 4, 1985, to support the free software movement, with the organization’s preference for software being distributed under copyleft terms, such as with its own GNU General Public
The GNU General Public License (GPL) is a widely used license for free software projects. The current version (version 3) was released in June 2007. The FSF has also published the GNU Lesser General Public License (LGPL), the GNU Free Documentation License (GFDL), and the GNU Affero General Public License (AGPL).
The FSF’s publishing department, responsible for “publishing affordable books on computer science using freely distributed licenses.
Free Software Directory
This is a listing of software packages that have been verified as free software. Each package entry contains up to 47 pieces of information such as the project’s homepage, developers, programming language, etc.
The goals are to provide a search engine for free software, and to provide a cross-reference for users to check if a package has been verified as being free software. FSF has received a small amount of funding from UNESCO for this project.
The four essential freedoms
A program is free software if the program’s users have the four essential freedoms:
The freedom to run the program as you wish, for any purpose (freedom 0).
The freedom to study how the program works, and change it so it does your computing as you wish (freedom 1). Access to the source code is a precondition for this.
The freedom to redistribute copies so you can help others (freedom 2).
The freedom to distribute copies of your modified versions to others (freedom 3). By doing this you can give the whole community a chance to benefit from your changes. Access to the source code is a precondition for this.
A program is free software if it gives users adequately all of these freedoms. Otherwise, it is non free. While we can distinguish various non free distribution schemes in terms of how far they fall short of being free, we consider them all equally unethical.
In any given scenario, these freedoms must apply to whatever code we plan to make use of, or lead others to make use of. For instance, consider a program A which automatically launches a program B to handle some cases.
If we plan to distribute A as it stands, that implies users will need B, so we need to judge whether both A and B are free. However, if we plan to modify A so that it doesn’t use B, only A needs to be free; B is not pertinent to that plan.
Free software can be commercial
“Free software” does not mean “noncommercial.” On the contrary, a free program must be available for commercial use, commercial development, and commercial distribution. This policy is of fundamental importance—without this, free software could not achieve its aims.
We want to invite everyone to use the GNU system, including businesses and their workers. That requires allowing commercial use. We hope that free replacement programs will supplant comparable proprietary programs, but they can’t do that if businesses are forbidden to use them.
We want commercial products that contain software to include the GNU system, and that would constitute commercial distribution for a price. Commercial development of free software is no longer unusual, such free commercial software is very important. Paid, professional support for free software fills an important need.
Thus, to exclude commercial use, commercial development or commercial distribution would hobble the free software community and obstruct its path to success. We must conclude that a program licensed with such restrictions does not qualify as free software.