12 Signs of Breast Cancer

12 Signs of Breast Cancer

 

12 Signs of Breast Cancer

Occurs when cells in the breast become abnormal and grow out of control. One of the most well-known symptoms is a palpable breast lump, but breast cancer does not always cause a lump in the breast. There are several breast changes women should be checking for regularly that may be a sign of breast cancer.

The 12 signs of breast cancer include swelling or thickening of the breast, dimpling of the breast skin, nipple crust, redness or heat of breast skin, new nipple discharge that is not breast milk (including blood), skin sores, bumps, growing veins on the breast, sunken nipple, changes in the size or shape of the breast, "orange peel" skin, and a hard lump in the breast.

12 Breast Cancer Symptoms

The Know Your Lemons Foundation created a campaign using a box of lemons modified to represent 12 signs of breast cancer that all women should be aware of. The 12 signs of breast cancer include:
Breast cancer is the most prevalent cancer among women. It is the leading cause of cancer-related deaths, second only to lung cancer.

It occurs due to the development of mutations in the breast cells, typically in the lobules or ducts. Lobules are the glands responsible for milk production, while ducts are the pathways that deliver milk from the glands to the nipples.

Breast cancer may also develop in the fibrous connective tissue or fatty tissue within the breast. The early identification of cancer is crucial so that it can be addressed before it affects the lymph nodes in the armpits and other parts of the body.

The 12 signs of breast cancer revealed in this piece can help you identify potential abnormalities before they become serious.

12 Signs of Breast Cancer Revealed: Most Common Identifiers

Different types of breast cancer manifest differently, but here are the 12 main signs to look out for:

1. Lump Formation

Feeling a lump in the breast is typically the first symptom that people notice. However, breasts undergo several changes, and other conditions, such as breast cysts or fibrocystic breasts, can cause lumps.

A breast cancer lump is typically painless and unmovable and may have a dense texture with an irregular shape.

2. Change in the Breast's Size or Shape

Breasts come in all shapes and sizes. Even the breasts of a single person may look different. However, it is essential to watch for any sudden and abnormal changes in the size or shape of the breast, mainly if there is swelling.

3. Skin Changes

Though rare, breast cancer may manifest as skin changes that resemble an infection. These changes include discoloration, irritation, redness, flaking, dimpling, skin texture changes, and more.

4. Nipple Changes

Nipple pain, pulling, or the inversion of the nipple can be symptoms of breast cancer.

Paget disease of the breast may also cause flattening, redness, burning, scaliness, or crustiness on the nipple that may resemble eczema.

5. Lump in the Armpit

Breast cancer typically spreads to the lymph nodes in the armpits as breast tissue reaches under the arms. If you notice a lump in your armpit, it could be a symptom of breast cancer.

6. Breast Pain

Cancerous lumps in the breast typically don't cause any pain, though inflammatory breast cancer is an exception. When this happens, it may cause swelling, burning, or pain in one breast.

Breast pain can also often fluctuate during the menstrual cycle.

Suppose you notice swelling and skin changes on one breast or experience fever, inflammation, or other symptoms that indicate an infection and worsen or persist over time. In that case, it's best to consult a doctor.

7. Swelling in the Lymph Nodes

Inflammatory breast cancer is a rare but aggressive form of cancer that can cause lymph nodes near the breast to swell. It can also cause swelling in the lymph nodes near the collarbone.

 

8. Nipple Rash or Itching

Your nipple may itch occasionally due to clothing, sweat, sensitivity, or irritation. However, if you experience persistent itching or a rash on your nipple, it could be due to breast cancer.

9. Unusual Discharge From the Nipple

Unusual nipple discharge that is not breast milk, particularly a bloody discharge, can be a sign of breast cancer, especially if you experience it with other symptoms.

10. Veins Growing on the Breast

If you notice the veins on your breast becoming unusually prominent, it's best to consult a doctor as it could indicate breast cancer.

11. Skin Sores

Skin sores developing around the nipples or on the breast typically aren't a cause for concern, but they may signify breast cancer if other troubling signs accompany it.

12. Warm Breast

If the breast feels unusually warm, it may be a cause for concern as it could indicate an infection or cancerous formation.

Breast Cancer In Men: How Common Is It?

Breast cancer is typically associated with women as it most commonly impacts them. But men have breast tissue similar to women, so they can develop breast cancer, though its instances are rare.

Among Blacks, breast cancer is 70 times less prevalent in men than women. Meanwhile, the condition is 100 times less common among Caucasian males compared to women, according to the American Cancer Society.

Despite the relatively lower numbers for men, the severity of breast cancer for men is the same as it is for women. Additionally, the signs and symptoms are similar. Regardless of who has it, the condition requires close monitoring.

Diagnosing and Treating Breast Cancer

Doctors perform breast exams and thorough physical exams to determine if a benign breast condition or breast cancer causes symptoms.

They may also conduct diagnostic tests such as ultrasound, mammogram, or a breast biopsy.

Once breast cancer has been confirmed, it can be treated with the help of different surgeries such as a mastectomy, lumpectomy, axillary lymph node dissection, contralateral prophylactic mastectomy, or a sentinel node biopsy.

Radiation therapy, chemotherapy, or hormone therapy may also be used to cure breast cancer.

Final Thoughts

Early detection and prompt action are indispensable in battling breast cancer. The Islamic Medical Institute of North America (IMANA) is committed to promoting awareness about breast cancer. With the 12 signs of breast cancer revealed in this article, you can take charge of your health and identify breast cancer as soon as possible.

We understand the importance of education in improving public health. Hence, we have many resources to help you learn about medical issues that could impact you and your loved ones.

  • Being female
  • Age over 55
  • Inherited genes, including BRCA1 and BRCA2 and others
  • Family history or personal history of breast cancer
  • Overweight/obesity
  • Alcohol use
  • Physical inactivity
  • Use of hormonal birth control
  • Having a first child after the age of 30 or having no children
    Hormone replacement therapy (HRT) for menopause, particularly estrogen and progesterone (combined hormone therapy)
  • Dense breast tissue
  • Ethnicity: White women are slightly more likely to develop breast cancer during their lifetime, but African-American women are more likely to develop breast cancer under age 45
  • Certain benign breast conditions
  • Early onset of menstruation (before age 12)
  • Menopause after age 55
  • Radiation to the chest

How Is Breast Cancer Diagnosed?

Sometimes, a person may discover a lump or notice changes in the breast. A doctor will perform a physical exam to look for breast changes.

Tests used to confirm a diagnosis of breast cancer include:

  • Mammogram (a particular type of X-ray)
  • 3D tomosynthesis is a unique new type of digital mammogram
  • Breast ultrasound
  • Breast magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
  • Biopsy, in which samples of tissue from the breast are removed and examined

What Is the Treatment for Breast Cancer?

Treatment for breast cancer usually involves a combination of surgery, radiation, chemotherapy, and other treatments.

  • Surgery
  • Mastectomy: surgical removal of the entire breast
  • Lumpectomy: removal of cancer and some tissue surrounding it
  • Radiation therapy
  • Chemotherapy
  • Hormone therapy
  • Targeted therapy
  • Immunotherapy

How do you know if your breast are unhealthy?

However, a person should see their doctor if they notice: changes in breast texture that are not due to the menstrual cycle. a harder lump that feels different from the rest of the breast. a lump that is not present in the other breast.